Imagine flying in a helicopter over a busy city. Looking down, you can see the system of major expressways, the smaller highways exiting off of them, and even the back roads. That’s one way to think of your circulatory system, which includes all the arteries and veins that do the critical job of transporting blood throughout your body. Similar to a traffic jam, a blood clot, or buildup of plaque in any one spot, can restrict the flow and throw the whole system off.
Fortunately, there are sophisticated surgical approaches to treating vascular problems, which can be serious, sometimes causing critical complications.
“The most exciting breakthrough in vascular surgery has been the evolution of minimally invasive surgery (operating through small incisions with tiny instruments). “This has transformed the specialty completely,” says Yale Medicine vascular surgeon Uwe Fischer, MD, PhD.