Diagnosing Sarcoma

This information is useful for children, adults, and older adults

There are approximately 300 types of bone and soft tissue tumors, known as sarcomas, explains Jose Costa, MD, professor of pathology at Yale School of Medicine. This can make diagnosis very complicated. The process includes taking clinical and family history and radiological scanning, all leading up to tissue sample analysis by pathologists. To identify sarcoma, doctors will use immunohistochemical stains and molecular genetic testing, both of which fall under the umbrella of precision medicine. Dr. Costa says the Yale Medicine team is fully engaged in using the latest technology to "be absolutely certain of the tumor type."