Every year, more than 230,000 women and 2,000 men in the United States are diagnosed with breast cancer, and most of those patients undergo surgery for treatment. With medical advances, breast cancer is being detected at earlier stages, and less invasive procedures are now available. Together, doctors and patients determine which type of surgery may be appropriate, based on the patient’s goals, the size of the tumor, and how far the cancer has spread.
"Breast surgery today has far superior cosmetic outcomes due to our ability to offer nipple-sparing mastectomies to many of our patients," says Yale Medicine’s Mary Pronovost, MD, a breast surgeon who practices at the Smilow Cancer Hospital Care Center at Trumbull and Bridgeport Hospital. "In addition, breast conservation outcomes are optimized by tissue rearrangement and other oncoplastic techniques that restore normal breast contour while eliminating the breast cancer."